Scoliosis cannot be termed as a disease; it is rather a term used in describing any abnormality or sideways curving of the spine. It is mostly observed at the back since a normal spine is straight.
Once scoliosis is diagnosed, the spine will tend to take shape in one of these ways:
- The spine bends to the sides, as one curve towards left – dextroscoliosis
- The spine bends sideways as one curve, shaped like letter C – levoscoliosis
- The spine would develop two curves, shaped like letter S
The curves can’t be corrected just by learning to stand upright. You can’t cause scoliosis; it doesn’t emanate from carrying heavy backpacks, poor posture or participating vigorously in sports.
Early detection is essential for the treatment of scoliosis to be effective. The individuals with family history of the spinal deformity are at high risk of developing idiopathetic scoliosis.
Adults having idiopathic scoliosis have more signs compared to teens because of the degeneration of joints and disk; it results in narrowing of the openings of the spinal sac and the nerves.
Some patients may lean forward in order to open up spaces for their nerves. Others may lean forward as a result of the loss of their natural curve in the lower back. This imbalance makes the patients compensate by bending their knees and hips as they try to maintain an upright posture.
The adult’s patients may have a number of symptoms that may lead to gradual loss of function:
- Stiffness and lower back pain are the most common symptoms.
- Fatigue that result from strained muscles of the lower back and muscles.
- Cramping, numbness and shooting pain in the legs due to pinched nerves.
Scoliosis mostly occurs in individuals within the age bracket of 10 to 18, and it’s mostly detected by schools that conduct screening. A medical expert will look for:
- Uneven elongation of shoulder blade
- One hip may be higher compared to the other
- Curvature of the spine
- Asymmetry of the waistline
Once it is detected, the physician will go on observing the curvature. The progression of the spinal curvature is well examined and quantified in degrees.
A curvature that is more than 20 degrees would require surgical intervention; this includes treatments like scoliosis surgery that prevent further advancing of the spinal bend.
The mild curve which remains at a span of 20 degrees or less only requires monitoring; further treatment is not necessarily needed.
Deterring curvature is important especially when it comes to the physical health f the patient. A higher degree of infection may pose patient at high risk of getting cardiopulmonary compromise because the crook in the spine may rotate the chest and block the space allowed for heart and lungs.
Some other types of scoliosis include:
- Neuromuscular scoliosis
- Degenerative scoliosis
- Congenital scoliosis
If you’re interested to learn more facts about scoliosis, visit this site.